2019 Investment Climate Statements: Afghanistan

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Afghan Laws

According to UNICEF, child marriage is the “formal marriage or informal union before age 18,” and it affects more girls than boys. The practice of child marriage has been linked to detrimental consequences for girls, such as the inability to obtain an education and skills to work independently. According to Afghan Civil Law Article 40, “marriage is a contract between a male and female for the establishment of a family.

Rule of Law in the time of COVID Afghanistan particularly in Herat province which has the highest number of confirmed cases to date.

Section criminalises same-sex intimacy between women with imprisonment for up to one year. Section criminalises sodomy, punishable with imprisonment for up to two years. Section criminalises Tafkhiz — same-sex intimacy between men absent penetration — punishable with imprisonment of between three months and one year. Section criminalises inciting two or more people to commit sodomy by introducing them to each other and finding them a place to do so. Article of the Constitution allows for the implementation of Sharia Law which prohibits same-sex sexual activity in general.

The maximum penalty is death and is applicable in cases of sex between men or between women. In US Report on Human Rights Practices in Afghanistan noted a significant increase in police detentions during that year, as well as increased rates of violence and harassment.

Afghanistan: Repeal Amnesty Law

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(June 12, ) A controversial Afghan law that many Western analysts equate with legalizing rape was (Dexter Filkins, Afghan Women Protest New Law on Home Life, THE New York Times, Apr. 15, ,available at Date: June 12,

Afghanistan has a poor, agrarian economy with a small manufacturing base, few value-added industries, and a partially dollarized economy. More than 55 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. International financial and security support has been instrumental in growing the Afghan economy from a USD 2. In addition, various estimates place the value of the informal economy to be about USD 4. Government expenses will continue to far exceed revenues, resulting in continued dependency on international donors for the foreseeable future, although the Government of National Unity GNU has been able to increase tax revenue by implementing reforms and improved tax collection procedures.

The drawdown of international forces from significantly slowed economic growth as demand for transport, construction, telecommunications and other services fell. Economic growth averaged only 2. Much higher growth rates are required to support a three percent annual population growth and roughly , new entrants into the labor market each year. The IMF notes that a return to growth is conditioned on improvements in the security sector, strong reform, and investments in key economic sectors, such as mining and agriculture.

Most Afghan farmers are primarily subsistence farmers. The government has undertaken several important reforms to attract Afghan private-sector and foreign investment, including promotion of public-private partnerships and streamlining the business license registration process. The ACBR extended the validity of business licenses for three years and reduced the licensing fee. Afghanistan continues to have a small formal financial services sector and domestic credit remains tight.

Afghanistan revises marriage law but women still required to submit to sexual intercourse

The Government of Afghanistan is currently reviewing a bill that would reform and modernize the country’s contract law. Afghanistan is a civil code jurisdiction and, currently, contracts are governed by sections of the country’s Civil Code dating from and Commercial Code dating from Both the Civil Code and the Commercial Code are based on the laws of Egypt, which in turn are based on French civil law.

The changes include the reinstatement of punishments dating to the Taliban era and reflecting their interpretation of Shari’a law. Among them.

KABUL — Mohammad Wali was just 12 years old when his widowed mother began arranging his marriage to a year-old woman from their village in Ghazni Province. I want to go to school. But his mother insisted on the marriage to ensure that she and Wali’s two teenage sisters would not become street beggars — a possibility she feared because of local inheritance customs for widows who don’t have a male heir. Your sisters will get nothing.

Reluctantly, after his mother also promised he could marry a second wife of his own choosing when he was older, Mohammad agreed to the wedding — consent required from him for the marriage to be valid under Islamic law. The impoverished family scrimped and saved to gather the double dowry the bride’s father demanded to marry off his daughter to a boy who was too young to support his own family.

Mohammad Wali was married on December 8, , at the age of

Law on Domestic and Foreign Private Investment in Afganistan

Under the terms of the Law on the Protection of Historical and Cultural Properties and the previous Code for the Protection of Antiquities in Afghanistan , all antiquities All exportation of antiquities, including temporary exportation, is forbidden without a permit. Only privately-owned, registered antiquities may be sold or exported. Traffic in unregistered antiquities is forbidden.

Sale of immoveable antiquities may take place only under auspices of the State.

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan face Afghanistan’s Constitution establishes the prominence of Sharia law as a precursor English · Use dmy dates from January · All articles with unsourced statements · Articles with unsourced statements from December

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Make sure to register with the Registration of Canadians Abroad to get the latest updates at your destination. Information about the Canada-Afghanistan relationship, including bilateral relations, travel, international trade and investment. Find Canadian offices and consular services in Afghanistan, and information about coming to Canada.

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Today is #GivingTuesday, help us reclaim the rights of women & girls.

Like all other parts of public life, the administration of justice and access to legal remedies and dispute resolution have been severely disrupted by the COVID pandemic. In addition, high rates of communicable diseases such as tuberculosis make the Afghan population particularly vulnerable to the effects of the pandemic. These concerns raise the possibility of significant social and economic disruption in the coming months if they are not addressed through concerted national and international action.

The Government of Afghanistan is actively implementing strategies to mitigate the spread of COVID, protect public health and guarantee human rights and maintain the rule of law by, among other things, maintaining access to vital public services including the justice system.

4. Summary. 1. Providing assistance to strengthen the rule of law in Afghanistan, given the ensuring prisoners are released no later than their due date.

Department of State. This is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office at the U. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan. OSAC encourages travelers to use this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in Afghanistan. Travel Advisory. The current U. Overall Crime and Safety Situation. Lack of key infrastructure, government services, and limited emergency health facilities contribute to making Afghanistan an exceptionally dangerous country.

Crime Threats. The U. Criminal activity is widespread and includes the operation of several local, regional, and international terrorist organizations and organized criminal syndicates. Transnational organized crime related to the drug trade remains a serious problem. Criminal activity extends into lower-level street crimes e. Criminals typically work in groups and are prone to use deadly force against victims.

Risk Levels

Afghanistan has no legal age of consent, because marriage is legally required before sexual intercourse is allowed. If there is no age limit to marriage, there is effectively no age of consent between married individuals. There is no age of consent in Afghanistan, as all sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal. The minimum age of marriage for men is 18, and is 16 for women.

Australian Government travel advice for Afghanistan. Do NOT travel. Travel advice level red. Understand the risks, safety, laws and contacts.

Check the vaccines and medicines list and visit your doctor at least a month before your trip to get vaccines or medicines you may need. You should be up to date on routine vaccinations while traveling to any destination. Some vaccines may also be required for travel. Make sure you are up-to-date on routine vaccines before every trip. These vaccines include measles-mumps-rubella MMR vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella chickenpox vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot.

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